Membangun Moral Bangsa

Oleh : Dr. Tarmizi Taher*

Dari mana kita mulai membangun bangsa ini? Pembangunan kembali negeri ini harus mulai dari etika, moral, dan nilai. Prof Sutan Takdir Alisyahbana, pemikir hebat Indonesia, waktu dikejar oleh Bung Karno membuat tesis di Stanford University dengan judul Values as Integrating Forces in Personality, Society and Culture.

Kebudayaan dapat dipandang sebagai kumpulan nilai-nilai. Kebudayaan adalah etika dan moral serta budi pekerti masyarakat. Dalam bahasa barat, culture dan civilization tidak ada hubungan langsung dengan mind, moral,atau ethics. Hanya bahasa Indonesia yang mempunyai hubungan langsung antara budi dan kebudayaan. Jelas sekali bahwa bagi bangsa Indonesia kebudayaan dipengaruhi budi-daya.

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Classroom Management

Teachers do not generally want to give control to their students. Teachers are instructed that the mark of a good teacher is that the teacher is in control of the class. (Taylor, 1987) The amount of control that teachers have in the class is often seen by the administration as a measurement of the quality of a teacher. Administrators are usually happy if a teacher never sends a student to the office and interpret this as proof that the teacher is in control and must be doing a good job. (Edwards, 1994)

Teachers are afraid of losing control if students have increased autonomy. Control is an issue with which many people in management have had to struggle. Although somewhat cyclic in its application, the business world has only in the last couple of decades really accepted the idea that central control may not be the best choice of management. The management systems of the U.S. military are also an interesting example. In the Vietnam war, the U.S. military was central office oriented. Most decisions were made at the Pentagon and White House. Even tactical decisions regarding the battlefield were often made on a table in Washington, D.C. If this style were compared to the management style of the Gulf War in 1991, it would be obvious that the U.S. military currently accepts that local control and autonomy are a better management style.

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